A summer day on Es Trenc
When in the morning the first people find their way into the protected area of the salt flats, nature is already awake. Long before the first rays of sunshine hit the salt ponds, the chirping of the crickets is replaced by the song of the birds, into which the cicadas will also tune during the day.
The Majorcan salt flats are located in the almost 4,000 hectare nature reserve Es Trenc, which is known to islanders and holidaymakers especially for its natural Caribbean beach. A journey to the southeast of Mallorca leads past wide fields, mountains and small villages, which contrast with the summer blue of the sky on the way to the salt flats. On the last few metres, simple wooden signs guide the travellers to Es Trenc.
Just a few kilometres from the coast and part of a unique natural landscape of dunes, unspoilt wetlands and one of the most beautiful beaches on the island, Salinas d'Es Trenc is one of the true treasures of the Balearic Islands and looks back on a unique tradition. Already in the 4th century B.C., Phoenicians and Romans found the ideal waters in this natural environment to extract valuable sea salt. The history of today's salt works goes back to the 50s.
Even from a distance you can see how the shining white of the salt mountains stands out against the blue sky. Only a few metres in front of it, an inscription at the highest point of the salt flats indicates their greatest pride: Flor de Sal d'Es Trenc.
For a long time now, the qualitatively unique Flor de Sal has been harvested in the Salinas d'Es Trenc. Only in the summer months and usually in the late afternoon does the salt flower blossom and lay in a carpet of crystals over the rose-coloured basins of the salt flats. That this treasure can be harvested in the Majorcan salt flats is due to the special characteristics of their environment. Just a few kilometres from the coast, you will find the ideal conditions for producing the highest quality salts: a gentle sea breeze, plenty of sunshine, low humidity and crystal clear, pure seawater.
At the entrance to the salt flats, visitors are welcomed by a charming café with Mediterranean decor. A place that radiates tranquillity and invites visitors to linger, with its delicate floral decorations and natural modesty. You can feel the agreement that man and nature have made in this place; even without having taken part in one of the many guided tours of the salt flats and without having observed the harvesting of the Flor de Sal, which is done entirely by hand.
A stilt-walker, pulling his legs further up with every step, crosses the large pond next to the main house. Above him, a group of flamingos make a landing approach to one of the reddish salt pools. The colouring of the basins is caused by a special kind of algae, which finds ideal living conditions in the oxygen-poor, salty water and is eaten by brine shrimps. These small inhabitants of the salt basins are in turn a delicacy for flamingos and the origin of their pink feather dress, which is originally grey in colour. In total, the salt flats and the surrounding nature reserve are home to over 160 different species of birds.
As darkness falls, a summer's day on Es Trenc also slowly comes to an end. As the salt crystals dissolve again due to the humidity, the precious salt blossoms of the Flor de Sal sink from the water surface back to the bottom of the pools. With their disappearance, the daily work of the salineros is also accomplished and with the last rays of sunshine the rustling of the traditional salt rakes gives way to the soft chirping of the crickets.